Infants who participate in music lessons appear to benefit in terms of neurological development more than those involved in other play-related activities.
Previous research has indicated that music training when young can improve infants’ ability to process musical sounds and speech.
However, it has not been clear from these studies whether perceptual differences between musicians and non-musicians are due to music training. It may be that people who already have superior auditory skills are more likely to become involved in musical activities.
In addition, the quality and style of music training vary widely, potentially affecting the results.